Infertility Treatment Methods
Infertility Treatment Methods :
Infertility treatment methods depends on
- What’s inflicting the physiological condition
- How long you have been unfertilised
- Your age and your partner’s age
- Personal preferences
- Some causes of infertility cannot be corrected.
In cases wherever spontaneous pregnancy does not happen, couples will usually still succeed in pregnancy through the use of assisted fruitful technology. infertility treatment might involve important financial, physical, psychological and time commitments.
Infertility Treatment methods
IUI – Intrauterine Insemination :
This method is one of the oldest and it involves a sonographical folliculometry check (measurement of the size of the follicle/s) and then planning the treatment – the insemination itself. Before the treatment you give yourself an injection which in turn ensures the correct timing of the maturing of the egg and its releasing from the follicle (ovulation). The egg then goes through the Fallopian tube, where it meets the sperm which are applied after laboratory processing into the uterus. This makes sure that the sperm’s way to the egg is shorter.
The planning of this method cannot be performed unless follicle growth (ovulation cycle) and a standard spermiogram are confirmed.
IVF/ICSI with the couple’s own eggs and sperm
IVF/ICSI with the couple’s own eggs and sperm :
When using this method the woman gives herself regular hormone infections which should ensure maturing of a larger number of eggs in one menstrual cycle. The woman attends sonography examinations which check the follicle growth and after the last sonography examination the egg collection is planned, usually in general anaesthesia (for your own comfort and safety).
You complete the whole procedure within one menstrual cycle – you give yourself the injections for about 8-12 days, the embryo transfer is planned for a date 3-5 days after the collection of your eggs.
Fertilisation of the eggs is done by the IVF or ICSI method. When using IVF both the sperm and the eggs are left on the dish and then they are left to the miracle of their merging until the next day. The ICSI method involves a cleaned, checked, mature egg, which is fertilised under the microscope with one selected quality sperm. This sperm is introduced directly into the egg using micromanipulation. This method has proven to be more successful in comparison to IVF.
IVF/ICSI with donated eggs and the couple’s own sperm :
If the woman’s number or quality of sperm is significantly lower, it is necessary to obtain an egg from a donor, namely a healthy young woman of optimum fertility. The whole procedure consists of harmonizing your menstrual cycle with that of the donor. The donor stimulates and after a certain time her eggs are collected. In the meantime you are preparing yourself for the introduction of the embryos created from the donor’s eggs and your partner’s or husband’s sperm.
The fertilisation is performed using ICSI. The donor’s eggs are used.
IVF/ICSI with donated eggs and sperm:
In case neither of the two partners in the couple has optimum quality oocytes and spermatocytes it is necessary to obtain eggs from one donor and sperm from another. The female donor stimulates and after a certain time her eggs are collected. In the meantime you are preparing yourself for the introduction of the embryos created from the female donor’s eggs and the male donor’s sperm. The male donor is a healthy young man with an excellent quality spermiogram. The eggs are always fresh and the sperm is most cases frozen.
The fertilisation is performed using ICSI. The female donor’s eggs and male donor’s sperm are used.
Course of the cycle with donated eggs/donated sperm and the time schedule
Donated frozen embryos:
In case neither of the partners in the couple has optimum quality oocytes and spermatocytes it is possible to plan the introduction of embryos onto your endometrium after it has been prepared for it. The advantage of this procedure is its simpler preparation and zero waiting time.
Preservation of fertility :
This method is intended for both women and men who do not want to or cannot have a baby at the moment. You can have your eggs, sperm or embryos frozen for later use at our clinic.
Selection methods of the “best sperm”:
PICSI (preselected intracytoplasmatic sperm injection)
The so-called pre-selection method involves putting the sperm on a surface similar to the surface of the egg. They are observed and those with the greatest “adherence to this surface” are selected for fertilisation. Their fertilisation potential is considered to be the best.
IMSI (Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection)
The so-called pre-selection method means that the sperm which looks best (its morphology is superior) is chosen during thorough microscopical scrutiny.
MACS test :
Selection of live sperm with undamaged DNA using magnetic nanoparticles. This method ensures that the damaged sperm is not used for fertilising the egg/s.
MACS (Magnetic Activated Cell Sorting system)
Have you had a less than optimal spermiogram during your fertility problem treatment?
You do not know the source of your inability to conceive – you suffer from the so-called Idiopathic Infertility Condition?
Is your number of fertilised eggs repeatedly low?
Have your embryos had a less than optimal development in the previous stimulation cycle?
Have you suffered from repeated miscarriages?
… or you just want to do all you can to select the best sperm for the fertilisation?
Sperm with damaged DNA may be capable of fertilising the egg but the embryo development may not be quite optimal. The sperm DNA damage is not visible. It cannot be determined by the shape or properties of the sperm in the microscope even when high magnification is used.
However, the MACS method can discover sperm which contains such damaged DNA. What is more, it can select these sperms and separate them from the rest. We then use only the sperm with undamaged DNA for the fertilization or in other words sperm with a significantly higher chance of fertilizing the egg, starting the embryonic development and the whole course of the pregnancy.
How does it work?
Sperm with damaged DNA exhibit a specific chemical compound on their surface. Under certain conditions this chemical compound can bond to a miniature magnetic particle.
We then let the sperm move through a magnetic field and the sperm with such a bonded magnetic particle are caught… meaning that only sperm with undamaged DNA can cross the magnetic field. These sperm are then used for any method of infertility treatment – insemination, IVF, ICSI, PICSI, IMCI
The MACS method is a safe and proven method to increase your chances of success …
This is How You can Infertility treatment